custodian job description

Custodian Job Description

Custodians are individuals responsible for cleaning buildings, get rid of debris and keeping the vicinity clean and tidy. Custodians clean and provide upkeeps for buildings and spaces, perform basic maintenance, maintain and operate cleaning supplies and generally work for public or corporate clients.

Custodians perform different duties such as mopping and vacuuming, sweeping and picking trash and other different duties. Also known as janitors in many parts of the words, custodians mostly work inside buildings. If you have a knack for cleaning and organizing your vicinity, it may be an ideal career choice for you.

Basic roles, duties & responsibilities of Custodians

So, what does a custodian do? Learn the basic roles, duties or responsibilities carried out by custodians:

  • Carry out and document regular inspection and maintenance activities
  • Clean (dust, mop, vacuum) designated building areas
  • Perform heavy cleansing projects and tasks
  • Restock and maintain supply rooms
  • Inform the management team of recurring deficiencies
  • Thoroughly clean and disinfect laboratory equipment
  • Clean and disinfect restrooms
  • Move heavy furniture and equipment
  • Identify and notify about upcoming defects and risks

Duties and responsibilities of custodians vary largely depending on size of organization and needs of employers.

Employers of custodians

  • Hospitals and clinics
  • Educational institutes
  • Banks and financial institutions
  • Social organization
  • Government and public bodies

Virtually, all organizations need and seek for custodians to keep their buildings neat and tidy. Custodians may have to work around the clock and part time work is also widely available.

Qualification and training

Custodians do not need any kind of academic and formal qualifications. However, high school degree and good literacy and numeracy skills are preferred by most employers. Proven working experience and efficiency is greatly valued rather than formal education.

However, there are training and apprenticeship programs available for interested candidates. It can be a good opportunity to pick up new skills and keep oneself updated about new methods and technologies being introduced in the field of cleanliness and sanitation.

Most custodians receive training at their workplace from a senior experienced custodian once they land the job. They are taught about how to use and keep safe different cleaning equipments such as wet and dry and wet vacuum, floor buffers and polishers and etc.

Although certification and license is not mandatory, you can acquire from your country’s authorized building service contractors associations. It may help to polish up your resume and bag a job at big organizations with attractive incentive packages.

Required skills or job specifications for custodians

Throughout the day custodians have to perform wide variety of jobs. They need to develop many skills to become a efficient and competent custodian. The required skills are:

  • Good communication and interpersonal skills
  • Physical stamina and strength
  • Ability to work under pressure
  • Efficient time management skills
  • Mechanical skills
  • Strong integrity
  • Ability to work independently
  • Good knowledge of carpentry and electrical work


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