data analyst job description

Data Analyst Job Description

Data analysts are individuals who maintain data storage and access by designing physical data base. Data analysts transform data into plain English language. Businesses collect data ranging from logistics to sales figures and market research. A data analyst translates those complex data into normal and understandable language to help companies analyze their business situation better and make better market decisions. By translating the complex data, data analysts help companies to decide on issues such as fixing price of raw materials, determine no. of employees and solve other different problems.

Data analysts are highly trained specialists who undertake different analysis such as running different mathematical functions to assess which sample must be applied best to increase a company’s profit. If you have keen interest in numeracy and computer languages and like to keep things organized and sorted, a career as a data analyst may be suitable for you.

Basic roles, duties & responsibilities of data analyst

So, what does a data analyst do? We have summed up basic roles, duties or responsibilities of data analyst here:

  • Validate project requirements by assessing user requirements and discuss with other team members for the project
  • Manage data dictionaries by entering and updating definitions
  • Maintain clients’ secrecy and confidence and protect clients’ operations by keeping information private
  • Keep yourself updated about new technical knowledge
  • Attend different educational workshops and review publications and also different technical workshops
  • Ensure efficient operation of equipment by performing preventive maintenance needs
  • Solve troubleshoot malfunctions and call for repairs
  • Assess new equipment and evaluate new equipment
  • Evaluate changes in physical database by assessing project’s requirements
  • Categorize data base characteristics on basis of available space. Location and access methods

Employers of Data analysts

  • Educational institutes and universities
  • Government and public offices
  • Advertisement and publication houses
  • Hospitals
  • Charity organizations
  • Legal and financial firms
  • Communication and marketing agencies
  • Retail businesses
  • Corporate organizations

Qualification & Training

To be a data analyst, you will at least need a bachelor’s degree in subjects such as Economics, Mathematics or computer science. Since you will have to work with many kind of computer software and excel spreadsheets, you need to have sound knowledge of computer operations. Also, very strong mathematics and analysis skills are required.

An MBA degree might be advantageous but it can also be unnecessary as mostly data analysts prefer to move on to a special area after beginning the work. For example, If you are in banking and financing sector you will need to have strong knowledge of asset allocation and cash flow trends, and if you are in political sector, you will need to acquire strong knowledge of the relevant field.

Required skills or job specifications for Data Analysts

Throughout the day data analysts have to perform wide variety of jobs. They need to develop many skills to become an efficient and competent data analyst. The required skills are:

  • Good communication and interpersonal skills
  • Strong analytical skills
  • Critical thinking ability
  • Good eye for detail
  • Good mathematical and numeracy skills
  • Strong leadership skills
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Good judgment
  • Ability to foresee risks and opportunities


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