Geologist job description

Geologist Job Description

Geologists are individuals who perform different Geo-science related functions related to earth science. They are responsible for discovering and assessing the location of mineral deposits, evaluating the soil condition, determining quality and quantity of mineral deposits and etc. in short, we can say they are scientists who conduct study of the earth’s crust to paint the accurate picture of its history, composition and structure.

As a geologist you will have to work closely in study of causes and proximity of calamities like tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and storms.  If you like to spend a lot of time outdoor and work closely with Mother Nature, a career as a geologist is ideal for you.

Basic roles, duties & responsibilities

So, what does a geologist do? The roles, duties and responsibilities of geologists are very diverse which depends upon different factors like type of organization, size of employer, and nature of project influence the functions. Here we have listed out basic roles/responsibilities of geologists:

  • Conduct studies of earth’s crust; assess its structure, history and matter
  • Apply knowledge of different sciences to knowledge of earth’s crust, discovery of new minerals and fuels
  • Investigate the evolution and structure of earth and its resources
  • Plan programs for exploration of sites for mineral and oils
  • Analyze geological data with help of special computer applications
  • Prepare and present reports
  • Conduct survey and mapping of geologically potential sites
  • Discuss and liaise with other professionals such as construction and geotechnical engineers
  • Collect and assess near surface deposits like rock and bedrocks
  • Make recommendations on proposed use of geological site
  • Oversee execution of specific contracts

Employers of geologists

The functions of geologists are very assorted. The following are the employers of geologists:

  • Oil and gas companies
  • Government and public bodies
  • Civil engineering consultancies
  • Environmental consultancies
  • Geotechnical companies
  • Geo-environmental site investigation companies

The range of employment opportunities for geologists is very wide and the level of competition varies depending on your specialization and nature of employers. As a geologist, you will have to spend a lot of time outdoor in diverse landscapes and terrains, travel between sites, and meet with clients and contractors.

As a geologist, you will approximately work 40 to 45 hours a week, mostly. You may also have to work long extra hours and during weekends to meet closing date.

Qualification and training

Often times 4 years bachelor’s degree in geology is required to pursue this career. Other relevant degrees relating to geology and earth science can also be considered for this job.  Degree in any of following subjects increases your odds:

  • Engineering geology
  • Geo technology
  • Geology
  • Environmental science
  • Geo Physics
  • Mineral and mining engineering

To pursue career in geology, only HND without a degree is not enough. Relevant experience in geological industry could be helpful.  For succession in this career, post graduate studies are indispensable. It also opens doors of opportunities for those who want to teach in universities and college which itself is a bright career move. To be a competent geologist you need to have proven proficiency in physical, mathematical, earth and applied science.

Required skills or job specifications for geologists

Geologists have to work in different kind of environments ranging from sites of natural calamities to laboratories. For this geologists should be equipped with skills such as:

  • Strong knowledge of various science and their applications
  • Ability to work in collaboration with engineers and scientists from different background
  • Ability to lead a team and work as a team member
  • Strong organizational skills
  • Computer literacy
  • Good interpersonal and communication skills
  • Driving license
  • Strong advisory skills
  • Financial ability to manage budget


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