Surveyors are individuals who advise their clients about land and property matters; conduct various surveys and produce valuations. As a surveyor, you will normally have to specialize in one property area. Land surveyors make use of various combinations of digital and traditional instruments to measure and assess the shape and size of the land, accumulate data for civil engineering, and so on.
If you like job of very diverse nature, have a knack for solving problems, strong math and computer skills, career as a surveyor might be suitable for you. As a surveyor, you will have to provide professional advice to clients on construction and property related issues.
Basic roles, duties & responsibilities of surveyors
So, what does a surveyor do? The duties and responsibilities of a surveyor vary considerably depending on type of organization, size of employer, and nature of project. Here we have listed out basic roles, duties or responsibilities of surveyors:
- Carry out site surveys
- Carry out environmental assessment programs of potential sites
- Discuss and execute plans in collaboration with architects, surveyors and clients
- Execute different strategies for smooth operations at site
- Draught 2D and 3D maps and charts using computer based software
- Monitor land movement and subsidence occurred during construction project
- Create digital image of sites and map land using satellite photography
- Accumulate data using geographic information system
- Make sure that safety regulations are being complied to in the site
- Provide motivation to all workers at construction site
- Implement regulatory obedience and quality management tactics
- Closely communicate with clients regarding issues and queries
- Determine materials, tools and required equipments
Employers of surveyors
The functions of construction managers are very diverse; this is why all organizations employ them.
- Civil engineering companies
- Building companies
- Construction companies
- Individual construction contractors
- Corporate organizations
- Government and public bodies
- Architecture consultancies
As a surveyor, you will have to prepare yourself for spending a lot of time outdoor as you have to travel between different sites, and interact with clients and contractors. You will roughly work 40 hours in a week, mostly from Monday to Friday. You may also have to work on weekends to meet deadlines.
Qualification and training
In general 4 years bachelor’s degree in construction is required to pursue career as surveyor. Degrees in relevant subject such construction and civil engineering can also qualify you for this job. Degree in any of following subjects will increase your chances:
- Construction engineering
- Civil engineering
- Construction science
- Environmental science
To make career in surveying, you need to earn a degree in one of the following field as only HND will not be enough. A good combination of academic qualifications and fair work experience in the construction and surveying field is required to be a surveyor. Certification is also available which will give you an added advantage.
You will get in house training by a senior surveyor after you have landed the job. After you have accumulated enough experience you will move up to bigger projects with bigger responsibilities.
Required skills or job specifications for surveyors
Surveyors have to perform different functions and mostly have to be in sites for checking the work progress and assess and pass it on to clients. Here are some skills one must build to work as a surveyor.
- Capable of foreseeing and avoiding risks
- Strong interpersonal and communication skills
- Excellent organizational skills
- Strong analytical skills
- Capable of making good decisions
- Ability to lead and motivate a team
- Strong knowledge of related legislation
- Knowhow of safety regulations
- Math and computer literacy